Ottmar Obermaier, Der Sieger

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Ottmar Obermaier, Der Sieger Ottmar Obermaier, Der Sieger Ottmar Obermaier, Der Sieger
Price: on request

Description

– THIS OBJECT IS STOLEN –

It disapeared during transport by DPD in April 2014 (location Hilversum, The Netherlands). 
We are offering a 2.000 Euro reward for anyone with information leading to the return of the stolen artwork.

The sculpture is registered as ‘Stolen’ in Dutch and international Lost Art databases.

‘Der Sieger’ (‘The Victor’), original bronze cast. A large plaster cast of Der Sieger was displayed at the Great German Art Exhibition in 1937, room 2.
The idolizing ideas of the body and the Aryan race together are particularly seen in Obermaier’s model of The Victor, who is presenting an oak twig to the winner of a contest.

– condition : II
– size : height 63 cm
– signed : at the foot (‘O. Obermaier’)
– type : bronze
– misc. : foundry mark ‘Priessmann Bauer & Co München’

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BIOGRAPHY: OTTMAR OBERMAIER

Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Der Sieger’. GDK 1937, room 2. Plaster statue. Depicted in ‘Der Tagesspiegel’, 25 October 2011.

Monastery of Hohenfurt (Vyssi Brod), Czech Republic
In the beginning of 1944, Dr. Hans Reger (architect in charge of the Führerbau, Munich 1938-1945) shipped in several transports 43 paintings and 52 sculptures from Hitler’s private contemporary art collection -and other stolen art collections- to the Monastery of Hohenfurt (Vyssi Brod), near Linz in the Czech Republic.
After the 1945 liberation of Czechoslovakia, valuable art, such as pieces from the Mannheimer- and Rothschild collections, were confiscated by the U.S. Army and taken to the Munich Central Collection Point in an effort to return them to their original owners. Art works then considered as having no value, like contemporary German Nazi-art works, were left behind. They were photographed in August 1945 by the former director of the Czech State Institute of Photometry, Antonín Friedl, along with the photographer Jan Tuháček. ‘Die Siegerin’ and  and ‘Jung-Deutschland’, both by Ottmar Obermaier, were among the 52 sculptures at the Monastery of Hohenfurt.
Later, the art works previously owned by Hitler, ended up scattered across the country.
Since 2012, twenty-three paintings by German artists -that Adolf Hitler personally purchased during WWII- were found back at various Czech institutions. Seven were discovered at the Zákupy Chateau, the site where items from confiscated castles, chateaus and private houses were gathered after the war. Seven other canvases were found at the convent of Premonstratensian Sisters in Doksany, near Prague. One painting was found at the Military Institute in Prague, and four works were found at the Sychrov Castle. Four other paintings were found in the building of the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague.
Three larges bronzes were found back at the Aleš South Bohemian Gallery: ‘The Rower’ by Hermann Zettlitzer, ‘Aphrodite‘ by Wilhelm Wandschneider, and ‘The Sower‘ by Willi Knapp.
All the twenty-three paintings are now in the possession of the ‘Czech National Institute for the Protection and Conservation of Monuments and Sites’. They will remain in the Czech Republic.

Left: Ottmar Obermaier, ‘The Victress’ (‘Die Siegerin’, also named ‘Figur für das Grabmal eines Jägers’). GDK 1939, room 8. Bought by Adolf Hitler for 13.500 RM.
Right: ‘Die Siegerin’ photographed in 1945, as it was found in 1945 in the Czech Republic, -Monastery of Hohenfurt. Depicted in ‘Hitlerova Sbirka v Cechach’, by Jiri Kuchar.
   

Left: Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Jung-Deutschland’ (‘Young Germany’). GDK 1939, room 8. Bought by Hitler for 15,000 RM.   
Right: ‘Jung-Deutschland’ photographed in 1945, as it was found in 1945 in the Czech Republic, -Monastery of Hohenfurt. Depicted in ‘Hitlerova Sbirka v Cechach’, by Jiri Kuchar.
   

Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Der Fechter’ (‘The Fencer’). Allach porcelain desigened by Obermaier. An example of an Allach figure ‘Der Fechter, is portrayed in the background of this painting (left) by Josef Vietze, displayed at the GDK 1941. The painting is in the possession of the US Army Center of Military History, Washington. Depicted is SS-Gruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, who was a fanatic fencer himself. In the SS, sports and being able-bodied were rather popular as they were preparation for the fight. Also depicted in ‘Das Bild’, 1941.
   

Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Der Fencer’, executed in bronze. Height including base: 45 cm. Bronze version of the famous figure by the Allach Porcelain Manufactory.
This bronze version was presented by Heydrich himself in 1937 to the best fencer in Germany. Later owned by Franz Nagy (1888 – 1959), one of the first directors of the Allach Porcelain Manufactory (Nagy also owned the ‘Victor’ in bronze). Sold by a German auction house in 2008.
   

Left: Oberführer Karl Diebitsch, looking at the Allach figure ‘Der Fencer’ designed by Ottmar Obermaier. Diebitsch founded, together with his business partner Franz Nagy, the Allach Porcelain Manufactory. The photo was published in the ‘SS Kalender 1939’; the text right on top reads: ‘Display-cabinet of the SS-Porzellanmanufaktur Allach’.
Right: Ottmar Obermaier, bronze and porcelain version of ‘Der Fencer’.
  

Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Meister im Wurf’ (‘Master of the Throw’), GDK 1940, room 2. 

Left: Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Schreitendes Mädchen’ (‘Striding Girl’), Allach porcelain, made in 1931. It evokes both the physical strength and beauty of the German female while harkening back to the Greek ideal.
Right: The original bronze cast was exhibited in the GDK 1939, room 2. Nowadays the original ‘Schreitendes Mädchen’ is on the grounds of the Nordbad, a swimming pool in Munich.
   

Left: Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Deutscher Mutter’. Cast in bronze, GDK 1939, room 6. Depicted here in an information Brochure of ‘Lebensborn’, 1936. Lebensborn was a state-supported association with the aim of raising the birth rate of “Aryan” children from extramarital relations of “racially pure and healthy” parents on the basis of Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.
Middle: Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Deutsche Mutter’, displayed in 2011 at the exhibition ‘Ausstellungen über den Lebensborn’ (‘Die Wunschkinder der SS und was aus ihnen wurde’).
Richt: ‘Deutsche Mutter’ depicted in ‘Odal, Monatschrift für Blut und Boden’, 1941, published by Walther-Darré.
     

Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Weiblicher Akt’ (‘Female Nude‘). Displayed at the ‘Jubiläums-Ausstellung der Münchener Künstler-Genossenschaft zu Ehren des 90. Geburtstages Sr. Kgl. Hoheit des Prinz Regenten Luitpold von Bayern, München, Kgl. Glaspalast, München, 1911.

Ottmar Obermaier, ‘Hindenburg’. Displayed at the ‘Münchner Kunstausstellung Danzig’, 1941; depicted in the exhibition catalogue.

Allach porcelain
The Allach porcelain manufactory was established in 1935 by Master of ceramics Franz Nagy and his business partner, the porcelain artist Prof. Karl Diebitsch Obersturmbannführer in the Waffen-SS). In 1936 the factory, which was based in the small town of Allach, near Munich, was acquired by Heinrich Himmler, the leader of the SS. The acquisition of a fine porcelain factory was a way to establish an industrial base for the production of works of art that would be representative of the truly Germanic culture. The emphasis was on decorative ceramics. The company logo included stylized SS runes. High-ranking artists were locked into contract: Karl Diebitsch, Prof. Theodor Kärner, Richard Förster, Ottmar Obermaier, Prof. Benno von Arndt, Prof. Wilhelm Krieger, Prof. Willy Zügel, Adolf Röhrig, Wilhelm Neuhäuser and others. The product range of the factory included over 240 porcelain and ceramic models. The quality of the porcelain pieces produced at Allach was extraordinary. As output at the Allach factory increased, the Nazis moved production to a new facility near the Dachau concentration camp. The factory made use of a pool of slave labour provided by the Dachau camp. According to the US military doctor and writer, Marcus J. Smith, the Allach camp, which was in fact a sub-camp of the Dachau camp, had 9,000 prisoners who worked on the production lines of companies like BMW, Dyckerhoff, the Organisation Todt and the Allach organization. The fall of the Third Reich brought an end to the Allach company; the factories were shut down in 1945 and never reopened.

Art competitions at the Olympic Games
The Olympic Games during its early years, from 1912 to 1948, included art competitions in addition to the athletic contests. Bronze, Silver and Gold medals were awarded for exhibits of town planning, architecture, drama, poetry, music, graphic arts and paintings as well as sculpture, reliefs and medallions. All of the entered works had to be inspired by sport, and had to be original and not previously published.
The competitions were part of the original intention of the Olympic Movement’s founder, Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin, who believed that sports and the arts were inextricably linked.
The juried art competitions were abandoned in 1954 mainly because of the idea that artists were considered to be professionals, while Olympic athletes were required to be amateurs (however, the athletic events would later radically evolve to accommodate professional athletes).
Also, a continuing subject of discussion and debate was the fact that sporting achievements can be measured in easily-understood metrics such as time and distance, but judging the arts is undeniably subjective. Finally the arts competition suffered from the guiding parameter that the works created had to be associated with sport, limiting the entries to tiresome imagery of athletes and odes to sporting achievement.

The 1936 Summer Games in Berlin, best-documented Olympic Art Competition
At the opening ceremony of 1936 Olympic Art Competition, Reich Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels reminded his audience that each work entered in the competition was required to have been created within the last four years. This restriction, he declared, ‘enables us to derive from the Exhibition an estimate of international conditions.’
The detailed descriptions in the Official Report of the 11th Olympic Games not only provided a dazzling depiction of this charmingly peculiar Olympic-art phenomenon, but also a chilling snapshot of Germany during the emergence of the Third Reich. Home-field advantage greatly worked in Germany’s favor that year; the international jury consisted of 29 German judges and 12 from other European countries. It was also a welcome, if not surprising, spike in gold medals for the German artists, who won five of the nine gold medals awarded that year. Charles Downing Lay was the only American to win a medal in 1936, taking home silver in the Architecture category. The German brothers Werner and Walter March took home gold in that category for their design ‘Reich Sport Field.’
The 1936 art competition was one of the most successful on record. More than 70,000 people visited the accompanying exhibition over the course of its four weeks on display. Prominents like the Reich Ministers Frick, Goebbels, and Rust, the Italian Minister of Education, and the Baron Morimoura of Japan all purchased works from the exhibition.


Ottmar Obermaier
Ottmar Obermaier (1883–1965) was born in Inzzell, Bavaria. In 1907 he went to Akademie der Bildende Kunsten in Munich, where he studied under Professor Erwin Kurz, who at that time was a famous teacher and sculptor of statues. Obermaier’s works were frequently displayed in the Glaspalast in Munich. From 1923 on he worked as a designer for Rosenthal Porcelain. Rosenthal hired Obermaier to design idealized human forms based on Greek and Roman classics for production. These figures, most displaying physical prowess and athletic pursuits, have titles such as Discus Thrower, Victor, and Striding Woman. Ottmar Obermaier represented Germany in 1928 at the Amsterdam Olympics. While Obermaier did not medal in the 1928 Olympics, he continued to design for Rosenthal until the mid-1930s. After 1936 he also worked as a designer for the Allach porcelain manufactory. Obermaier was represented in the Great German Art Exhibitions with 13 works, of which two were bought by Hitler for 13,000 and 15,000 Reichsmark. His most well known sculptures were ‘Deutsche Mutter’ (‘German Mother’), ‘Der Sieger’ (‘The Victor’), ‘Die Siegerin’ (‘The VIctress’), ‘Meister im Wurf’ (‘Master in the Throw’), ‘Schreitendes’ (‘Striding Girl’) and ‘Jung Deutschland’ (‘Young Germany’).
Two of Obermaier’s works from the GDK 1939 ( ‘Jung-Deutschland’ and ‘Victress’) showed up in 1945 in the Monastery of Hohenfurt.* 
Obermaier died in 1965 in Munich.

*Monastery of Hohenfurt (Vyssi Brod), Czech Republic
In the beginning of 1944, Dr. Hans Reger (architect in charge of the Führerbau, Munich 1938-1945) shipped in several transports 43 paintings and 52 sculptures from Hitler’s private contemporary art collection -and other stolen art collections- to the Monastery of Hohenfurt (Vyssi Brod), near Linz in the Czech Republic.

After the 1945 liberation of Czechoslovakia, valuable art, such as pieces from the Mannheimer- and Rothschild collections, were confiscated by the U.S. Army and taken to the Munich Central Collection Point in an effort to return them to their original owners. Art works then considered as having no value, like contemporary German Nazi-art works, were left behind. They were photographed in August 1945 by the former director of the Czech State Institute of Photometry, Antonín Friedl, along with the photographer Jan Tuháček. ‘Die Siegerin’ and  and ‘Jung-Deutschland’, both by Ottmar Obermaier, were among the 52 sculptures at the Monastery of Hohenfurt.
Later, the art works previously owned by Hitler, ended up scattered across the country.
Since 2012, twenty-three paintings by German artists -that Adolf Hitler personally purchased during WWII- were found back at various Czech institutions. Seven were discovered at the Zákupy Chateau, the site where items from confiscated castles, chateaus and private houses were gathered after the war. Seven other canvases were found at the convent of Premonstratensian Sisters in Doksany, near Prague. One painting was found at the Military Institute in Prague, and four works were found at the Sychrov Castle. Four other paintings were found in the building of the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague.
Three larges bronzes were found back at the Aleš South Bohemian Gallery: ‘The Rower’ by Hermann Zettlitzer, ‘Aphrodite‘ by Wilhelm Wandschneider, and ‘The Sower‘ by Willi Knapp.
All the twenty-three paintings are now in the possession of the ‘Czech National Institute for the Protection and Conservation of Monuments and Sites’. They will remain in the Czech Republic.